Most people who have meningitis make a full recovery, but it can take time.
Some may experience a range of different after-effects, which can range from mild to more serious and disabling. Many children and adults with meningitis recover without experiencing after-effects at all.
After-effects and complications are more common with bacterial meningitis. Around 15% of patients are left with serious impairments that require on-going support. Many more survivors will experience a range of short-term or less serious problems.
Possible after-effects of bacterial meningitis include:
Although it is rarely life threatening, viral meningitis can make people very unwell. It is usually a mild illness characterized by fever, severe headache, aches and pains. After-effects of viral meningitis occur more often in newborn infants or in the elderly than in children, adolescents, or adults.
Possible after-effects of viral meningitis include:
Possible after-effects of septicaemia include: